The Final Day: Jesus is Betrayed, Arrested, and Judged: A King not of this World…

This is the beginning of the end for Jesus. At least Jesus’ time on earth. Here, Pilot asks, “What is truth?” Little did he know that he was looking at The Truth.

John 18

After saying these things, Jesus crossed the Kidron Valley with his disciples and entered a grove of olive trees. Judas, the betrayer, knew this place, because Jesus had often gone there with his disciples. The leading priests and Pharisees had given Judas a contingent of Roman soldiers and Temple guards to accompany him. Now with blazing torches, lanterns, and weapons, they arrived at the olive grove.

Jesus fully realized all that was going to happen to him, so he stepped forward to meet them. “Who are you looking for?” he asked.

“Jesus the Nazarene,” they replied.

“I Am he,” Jesus said. (Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.) As Jesus said “I Am he,” they all drew back and fell to the ground! Once more he asked them, “Who are you looking for?”

And again they replied, “Jesus the Nazarene.”

“I told you that I Am he,” Jesus said. “And since I am the one you want, let these others go.” He did this to fulfill his own statement: “I did not lose a single one of those you have given me.”

10 Then Simon Peter drew a sword and slashed off the right ear of Malchus, the high priest’s slave. 11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath. Shall I not drink from the cup of suffering the Father has given me?”

Jesus at the High Priest’s House

12 So the soldiers, their commanding officer, and the Temple guards arrested Jesus and tied him up. 13 First they took him to Annas, since he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time. 14 Caiaphas was the one who had told the other Jewish leaders, “It’s better that one man should die for the people.”

Peter’s First Denial

15 Simon Peter followed Jesus, as did another of the disciples. That other disciple was acquainted with the high priest, so he was allowed to enter the high priest’s courtyard with Jesus. 16 Peter had to stay outside the gate. Then the disciple who knew the high priest spoke to the woman watching at the gate, and she let Peter in. 17 The woman asked Peter, “You’re not one of that man’s disciples, are you?”

“No,” he said, “I am not.”

18 Because it was cold, the household servants and the guards had made a charcoal fire. They stood around it, warming themselves, and Peter stood with them, warming himself.

The High Priest Questions Jesus

19 Inside, the high priest began asking Jesus about his followers and what he had been teaching them. 20 Jesus replied, “Everyone knows what I teach. I have preached regularly in the synagogues and the Temple, where the people gather. I have not spoken in secret. 21 Why are you asking me this question? Ask those who heard me. They know what I said.”

22 Then one of the Temple guards standing nearby slapped Jesus across the face. “Is that the way to answer the high priest?” he demanded.

23 Jesus replied, “If I said anything wrong, you must prove it. But if I’m speaking the truth, why are you beating me?”

24 Then Annas bound Jesus and sent him to Caiaphas, the high priest.

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

25 Meanwhile, as Simon Peter was standing by the fire warming himself, they asked him again, “You’re not one of his disciples, are you?”

He denied it, saying, “No, I am not.”

26 But one of the household slaves of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Didn’t I see you out there in the olive grove with Jesus?” 27 Again Peter denied it. And immediately a rooster crowed.

Jesus’ Trial before Pilate

28 Jesus’ trial before Caiaphas ended in the early hours of the morning. Then he was taken to the headquarters of the Roman governor. His accusers didn’t go inside because it would defile them, and they wouldn’t be allowed to celebrate the Passover. 29 So Pilate, the governor, went out to them and asked, “What is your charge against this man?”

30 “We wouldn’t have handed him over to you if he weren’t a criminal!” they retorted.

31 “Then take him away and judge him by your own law,” Pilate told them.

“Only the Romans are permitted to execute someone,” the Jewish leaders replied. 32 (This fulfilled Jesus’ prediction about the way he would die.)

33 Then Pilate went back into his headquarters and called for Jesus to be brought to him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” he asked him.

34 Jesus replied, “Is this your own question, or did others tell you about me?”

35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate retorted. “Your own people and their leading priests brought you to me for trial. Why? What have you done?”

36 Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not an earthly kingdom. If it were, my followers would fight to keep me from being handed over to the Jewish leaders. But my Kingdom is not of this world.”

37 Pilate said, “So you are a king?”

Jesus responded, “You say I am a king. Actually, I was born and came into the world to testify to the truth. All who love the truth recognize that what I say is true.”

38 “What is truth?” Pilate asked. Then he went out again to the people and told them, “He is not guilty of any crime. 39 But you have a custom of asking me to release one prisoner each year at Passover. Would you like me to release this ‘King of the Jews’?”

40 But they shouted back, “No! Not this man. We want Barabbas!” (Barabbas was a revolutionary.)

John 18 NLT

Jesus was Tried 6 Times

  1. Annas, one of the high priests
  2. Caiaphas, another high priest and Annas’ son-in-law
  3. The Sanhedrin, the Jewish high council
  4. Pilot
  5. King Herod Antipas
  6. Pilot

Jesus’ Kingdom is not of This World

At this point, very few people understood that Jesus’ Kingdom was not an earthly one. He didn’t come to fight. His Kingdom is a spiritual one. However, the fact that Rome ruled and Caesar was king, when Jesus claimed to be King, He was technically committing treason against Rome. At least, that’s what the Jewish leaders tried to get Pilot to see so that they could have Jesus executed. Rome had taken away the power of the Jewish leaders to have capital punishment.

What is Truth?

Pilot, knew that Jesus was innocent. Having broken Jewish laws wasn’t his problem. When he asked Jesus if He is a king, Jesus replies, “All who love the truth recognize that what I say is true.”

Pilot, the Roman steeped in humanism and relativism, then asks, “What is truth?”

He didn’t know that he was looking at “The Truth“. Pilot knew the truth — that Jesus was not guilty, but he was afraid of the Jews and a possible revolt. His job was to keep peace. Here, truth is obscured by fear.

Living truth requires a lot more courage than denying it.

Pastor Sandy Adams, Through The Word, free Bible app

Denying Jesus

Of all people, Peter? Three times he denies Jesus. His faith is overwhelmed by his fears. Fear caused Peter to forsake what he believed. It won’t be until Acts 2 when he receives the Holy Spirit, that Peter’s true boldness comes out.

What About You? Have you Denied Jesus?

Stop Denying Jesus!

Jesus wants you to let Him into your life. He won’t force Himself. You have to invite Him. It’s really that simple!

Jesus is knocking at the door of your heart -- let Him in!

What are you waiting for?

If you’re not sure if you’re saved or not, if you truly want to be born again and have the assurance of salvation, receive the Holy Spirit, and get a 1-way, non-stop ticket to Heaven and that you won’t be left behind at the Rapture, this is what you have to do…

Invite Jesus into Your Heart…


The Life of Jesus Part 18


Soli Deo Gloria — To God Alone Be the Glory!


Top graphic by GNPI from FreeBibleImages.com, (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

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